Gradle Cheatsheet

2 minute read

Try to summarize some common command for gradle:

Run a specific test case

./gradlew test --tests "abc.test.XyzTest"

Run a specific class

Basically you can use JavaExec task to achieve this, for example, you can add an execute task in your build.gradle file:

task execute(type:JavaExec) {
   main = mainClass
   classpath = sourceSets.main.runtimeClasspath
}

To run a sepcific class,

gradle -PmainClass=Foo.Bar execute

Note: mainClass is the name of class you want to run and passed in at command line.

./gradlew test --tests "abc.test.XyzTest"

Generate the default folder structure

# for Java project
gradle init --type java-library

# The default java-library project has the following features enabled:
# Uses the “java” plugin
# Uses the “jcenter” dependency repository
# Uses JUnit for testing
# Has directories in the conventional locations for source code
# Contains a sample class and unit test, if there are no existing source or test files

# more options for java project
gradle init --type java-library --test-framework spock: Uses Spock for testing instead of JUnit

# for scala project
gradle init --type scala-library

gradle init --type java-library --test-framework testng: Uses TestNG for testing instead of JUnit

# for groovy project
gradle init --type groovy-library

# for basic setup
gradle init --type basic

show dependencies for your gradle project

gradle dependencies
gradle htmlDependencyReport
## for sub-projects
gradle sub-project-name:dependencies
gradle sub-project-name:htmlDependencyReport

or if you want to show the dependencies for all of your sub-projects, add the following into your top level build.gradle

subprojects {
    task listAllDependencies(type: DependencyReportTask) {}
}

Lock dependencies

You can use dynamic dependency versions and still lock them to specific versions with the Gradle Dependency Lock Plugin](https://plugins.gradle.org/plugin/nebula.dependency-lock) from Netflix’s Nebula Plugins project.

gradle generateLock saveLock

Use artifact from a local project

Sometimes you might want to use an artifact from a local project where you may have some local changes that haven’t been pushed to the artifactory yet. Suppose you have two project (A, B), and you want to use a local build from project B in project A.

To do so, you need to:

In both project

Make sure you have maven plugin added, and also have mavenLocal in your repository setting.

apply plugin: 'maven'
buildscript {
    repositories {
        mavenLocal()
        maven {
        // your official artifactory config
        }
    }
    ...
}

Note, if you have sub-projects for each project, make sure the above is applied to all sub-projects.

In Project B

Use gradle publishToMavenLocal to publish the build artifact to your local maven repository. Once it’s done, you should be able to find the build artifact in your local maven repository ${user.home}/.m2/reposistories. NOTE this requires the maven-publish plugin to be added to the projects.

exclude test and/or check

gradle clean build -x check -x test

Configure jvm args in gradle.properties

This will configure the jvm args for build tools.

org.gradle.jvmargs=-Xmx2g -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=1024m -XX:MaxPermSize=1024m -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8

For client VMs, you need to use JVM_OPTS

For more information, check this out: https://docs.gradle.org/current/dsl/org.gradle.api.tasks.testing.Test.html

disable gradle daemon

org.gradle.daemon=false

Enable logging output for gradle tests

test {
    testLogging {
        events "started", "passed", "skipped", "failed", "standardOut", "standardError"
    }
}

Define a gradle task that runs a command

task runArtillery(type: Exec) {
    description "Execute Artillery simulation"
    group "Load testing"
    commandLine "cmd", "/c", "artillery", "run", "-o", "report.json", "./src/artillery/artillery-demo.yml"
}

see details here TestLoggingContainer

Pass custom properties to task

task printProp << {
    println customProp
}

Then the property customProp can be passed in cli as:

gradle -PcustomProp=myProp

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